As soon as the foliage has dropped, transplant ornamental, shade or fruit trees. There will be a saving of one year?s growth between those planted now and those in the spring. In taking up trees, great care should be taken not to mutilate their roots, for every fibre of the root lost, the growth of the tree will be retarded so much, and its life endangered. Whenever it is absolutely necessary to part with any of the roots, take off the top in proportion. Let the holes be larger than the roots and never bend or cramp a root into a small hole. Where the root is mutilated, make a clean cut with a sharp knife, and new rootlets will show themselves, pushing out between the bark and wood. If your soil is poor, fill in the holes with rich earth from the woods or swamps. But in no case use stable manure in planting out trees in this climate. Top dress the ground among your trees with leached ashes, lime or any decomposing vegetable matter that you may have. If rabbits are troublesome in barking your fruit trees apply soft country soap to the trunks, two or three times in the year. This is a certain protection against the depredations of rabbits, and is a great invigorator of the tree.
The Maine Farmer recommends charcoal reads.
- Taken from Scientific American Jan 1850